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ALANGIACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

ALANGIACEAE

Alangium chinense (Lour.) Harms
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: A. chinense (Lour.) Rehder.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkondogogo(S), Mmavimavi(Sw), Mringonu (C).
Bole: Small/medium. To 24 m.
Bark: Grey/pale green. Smooth.
Slash: Yellow with white or yellow lines.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.5 – 2.5 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 4 – 19 × 2.5 – 10 cm (Juvenile up to 25 × 27 cm). Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate/cordate. Asymmetric. 5 – 7 nerved from base. Acuminate. Entire. Hairy/glabrous. Simple.
Domatia: Present/absent. Small tufts of hairs.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/pale yellow. Fragrant. Infloresence 3 – 23 flowered axillary cymes. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Globose 0.8 – 1.0 × 0.4 – 0.9 cm.
Ecology: Submontane forest. Pioneer.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LV. Tropical East, Southern, Central and West Central Africa. Asia and Far East.
Notes: Distinct very asymmetric leaf base.
Uses: The soft wood is used for firewood, night torches and for making stools, wheels for wheelbarrows, water troughs, milk pots, spear shafts and knife sheaths. The tree is suitable for shade and agroforestry because the leaves are believed to enrich the soil. The WaChagga, WaPare and WaShambaa use the leaves for fodder and for covering bananas and finger millet during germination for preparation of beer.
Alangium salviifolium (L.f.) Wangerin subsp. salviifolium
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small/medium. To 18 m.
Bark: Light brown. Rough.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: Up to 1.5 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 3 – 23 × 1.4 – 9 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. Acute. Entire. Hairy/glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Present. Spines up to 1.2 cm long.
Flower: White/ yellow. Infloresence almost sessile in axils. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Purple. Ellipsoid 0.9 – 2.2 cm long.
Ecology: Lowland forest.
Distr: EA. Asia, China, and Comoro Islands.
Notes: NR.
Uses: Used for firewood, torches, stools, wheels for wheelbarrows, water troughs, milk pots, spear shafts, knife sheaths, shade and fodder.
Last Updated: 5 February 2019