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BALANITACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

BALANITACEAE

Balanites wilsoniana Dawe & Sprague
Syn. FTEA: NP.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: Under Simaroubaceae in TTCL.
Local names: Mkonga (Sw), Mnuwili wa msitu (Ng).
Bole: Yellow-grey/grey green. Medium. 5 – 15 m.
Bark: Pale yellow-brown/grey, smooth, with an underlying layer of silky fibres. Very hard.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Even-pinnate. 2 leaflets. Alternate. Lflt: Opposite.
Petiole: 1.5 – 3 cm. Petiolule: 0.5 – 1 cm.
Lamina: Small. 5 – 10 × 4 – 7 cm. Ovate. Cuneate/rounded. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Present. Bifurcated, 9 cm long.
Flower: Green. Solitary or clustered in cymes.
Fruit: Yellow-green, unpleasantly scented. Ovoid-ellipsoid.
Ecology: Dry lowland forest. Thicket.
Distr: C. West and Central Tropical Africa, Uganda, Kenya.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is used for firewood, charcoal, building poles, carvings, tool handles. spoons, walking sticks, furniture, grain mortars and stools. The leaves and fruits are used for fodder.
Last Updated: 15 June 2017