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CAPPARACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

CAPPARACEAE

Cladostemon kirkii (Oliv.) Pax & Gilg
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mdudu (Sw).
Bole: Branched/scandent. Small. To 10 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Trifoliolate. Alternate.
Petiole: 3 – 14 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 4 – 11.5 × 2 – 4.5 cm. Elliptic. Cuneate. Acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Small.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Green-reddish, small petals, big petals white to yellow. Terminal/pseudoterminal corymbose raceme.
Fruit: Large globose, to 10 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Dry lowland. Thicket.
Distr: C. Eastern and Southern Tropical Africa.
Notes: Monotypic genus.
Uses: The wood is used for firewood, wooden spoons and building poles. The tree is used for shade and ornamental purposes. The roots can be used for food during times of famine.
Ritchiea albersii Gilg
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mdudu, Mtunguru (Sw).
Bole: Branched. Medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Brown/dark brown. Smooth.
Slash: Pale brown becoming yellow/brown, paler toward wood. Hard.
Leaf: Simple to digitate with 3 – 5 leaflets. Alternate. Lflt: Digitate.
Petiole: 1.5 – 12 cm. Round.
Lamina: Medium. To 20.5 × 8 cm. Elliptic/oblong. Cuneate. Acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Present. Small.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Terminal. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Cylindrical 5 × 2.5 cm. with 6 longitudinal grooves.
Ecology: Montane and dry montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN. Tropical Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is used for firewood, building poles, wooden spoons and knife sheaths. The tree is used for shade and ornamental purposes. Roots are boiled and eaten during food scarcity. Leaves are used as medicine for stomach-ache and for snake bites.
Last Updated: 16 June 2017