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DRACAENACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

DRACAENACEAE (AGAVACEAE)

Dracaena afromontana Mildbr.

Syn. FTEA: NP.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Longe (S), Kimwe (S).
Bole: Branched. Small. To 10 m.
Bark: Pale brown. Smooth.
Slash: Yellow/white.
Leaf: Simple. Whorled.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 30.5 × 3.8 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Lax terminal panicles up to 30 cm long. White.
Fruit: NR.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LT. Rwanda, Burundi.
Notes: Leaves lax on the stem. Perianth lobes 3 × length of the tube.
Uses: The plant is used for marking field boundaries and graves, and for ornamental purposes. Roots are used as a medicine for chest pains by taking the decoction or by rubbing the powder from roots into the incised part of the chest.

Dracaena mannii Baker

Syn. FTEA: NP.
Syn. TTCL: D. usambarensis Engl.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Kiteguzi (B, S), Longe (S), Mshindamaji (Sw).
Bole: Branched. Small. To 15 m.
Bark: Pale brown. Smooth.
Slash: Yellow/white.
Leaf: Simple. Whorled.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 15 – 26 × 2.2 – 5 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: NR.
Flower: Panicle. Green-white.
Fruit: Red-brown. Fleshy.
Ecology: Lowland, submontane and montane forest.
Distr: C, EA, LN, LT. Tropical Africa.
Notes: Leaves lax on the stem. Perianth lobes as long as the tube.
Uses: The plant is used for ornament, shade, bee forage, live fencing and marking graves and boundaries. The stems are also used for fodder. Roots are used to treat gonorrhoea, stomach-ache and chest pains. Leaves are used as a wash for witchcraft protection.

Dracaena steudneri Engl.

Syn. FTEA: NP.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Msamaka, Mshindamaji (Sw), Longe, Mpapata (S).
Bole: Small/medium. To 18 m.
Bark: Pale brown. Smooth.
Slash: Yellow/white.
Leaf: Simple. Whorled. Clustered at ends of branches.
Petiole: Sessile.
Lamina: Large. 60 × 10 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Panicles.
Fruit: NR.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN. Malawi, Rwanda, Burundi.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The tree is used for shade, amenity, bee forage, live fences, and for grave and boundary marking. The stem is used for fodder.

Last Updated: 5 February 2019