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ERICACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

ERICACEAE

Agarista salicifolia (Comm. ex Lam.) G. Don
Syn. FTEA: NP.
Syn. TTCL: Agauria salicifolia (Comm. ex Lam.) Hook. f. ex Oliv.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkolongo (H), Mhahana (C), Mkomolo (F), Mwana (C), Myunguvo (Sw), Ologomati (M).
Bole: Crooked/branched. Small. To 12 m.
Bark: Brown. Rough, deeply fissured. Thick.
Slash: Yellowish with white streaks.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.5 – 1.5 cm. Channelled.
Lamina: Small/medium. 2 – 12 × 0.8 – 3.5 cm. Lanceolate/oblong. Cuneate/rounded. Acute/acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Green-white/cream/red. Axillary racemes. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Capsule 0.5 – 0.7 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Montane, upper montane and dry montane forest. Grassland.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LT. Eastern and Southern Africa. Madagascar.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is used for firewood and charcoal. The leaves are poisonous to cattle. The bark is used in soup for constipation and aiding digestion by WaMasai people. The tree is suitable for shade and amenity.
Erica arborea L.
Syn. FTEA: NP.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Msila (C).
Bole: Branched/crooked. Small. To 12 m.
Bark: Brown.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Whorls.
Petiole: 0.1 cm. Round.
Lamina: Small. 0.2 – 0.7 × 0.1 cm. Inrolled to become lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Usually clustered towards ends of short, lateral branches. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Red. Capsule. 0.3 cm long.
Ecology: Upper montane forest. Upland heath.
Distr: EA (WUs, Ul), N. East Africa, Horn of Africa, Mediterranean Region.
Notes: Flowers 4-merous. Bract halfway down the pedicel.
Uses: The wood is used for building poles, firewood, charcoal and fencing poles. The tree is suitable for ornamental purposes and as a bee forage.
Erica excelsa (Alm & T.C.E.Fr.) Beentje
Syn. FTEA: NP
Syn. TTCL: Philippia excelsa Alm & T.C.E.Fr.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mdamba (Sw).
Bole: Branched/crooked. Small. To 15 m.
Bark: Grey/brown. Longitudinally fissued.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Whorls of 3.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Small. 0.2 – 0.6 × 0.1 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute. Serrate. Minutely denticulate. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/pink. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Capsule, 0.2 cm long.
Ecology: Upper montane forest. Upland heath.
Distr: EA (Ul), N. Kenya, Uganda.
Notes: Flowers 3-merous.
Uses: The wood is used for firewood, charcoal, fencing poles and for tobacco smoking pipes. The tree is used for amenity and as a bee forage.
Last Updated: 16 June 2017