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GRAMINEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

GRAMINEAE (POACEAE)

Oreobambos buchwaldii K. Schum.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mwanzi (Sw), Lasi (S).
Bole: Slender. Medium/small. To 18 m.
Bark: Green.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 10 – 35 × 2.5 – 6 cm. Lanceolate/oblong-lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute/acuminate. Entire. Hairy on midrib.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: NR.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Spikelet clusters in axils of deciduous bladeless or short bladed sheath. Brown.
Fruit: Small grain.
Ecology: Lowland and submontane forest.
Distr: EA, LN. Tropical Central and Eastern Africa.
Notes: Clumps flower and die within 6 to 12 months. Leaf blades indistinctly cross veined (as are the leaves of Oxytenanthera abyssinica, a bamboo of woodland and much planted for the drink ulanzi).
Uses: The stems are used for buildings, fencing, weaving chairs, baskets, mats and for soil conservation.
Sinarundinaria alpina (K. Schum.) C. S. Chao & Renvoize
Syn. FTEA: Arundinaria alpina K. Schum.
Syn. TTCL: Arundinaria alpina K. Schum., Arundinaria tolange K. Schum.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mwanzi (Sw).
Bole: Slender. Medium/small. To 19.5 m.
Bark: Green becoming yellow.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Small/medium. 5 – 20 × 6 – 15 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Acuminate (see note). Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: NR.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Terminal panicles, 5 – 15 cm long.
Fruit: A grain.
Ecology: Montane and upper montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LT. Tropical Africa.
Notes: Leaf-blades strongly cross-veined, and narrow to a fine bristle up to 2 cm long. Can occur in extensive dense stands, often over old cultivation.
Uses: Used for building, fencing, weaving storage pots, baskets, chairs and for soil conservation. In the Poroto mountians entire villages are constructed using this bamboo.
Last Updated: 15 June 2017