info@celp.org.uk

HAMAMELIDACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

HAMAMELIDACEAE

Trichocladus ellipticus Eckl. & Zeyh. subsp. malosanus (Baker) Verdc
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: T. malosanus Baker
Syn. other: NR.
Local name: Muhuka (H), Mkombeti (S).
Bole: Crooked. Medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Grey/white/pale brown. Smooth/rough. Scaling in patches on large trees.
Slash: Dark red/pink. Thin. Wood white.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.5 – 1.8 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. 7 – 28 × 4 – 12 cm. Elliptic/lanceolate. Cuneate/rounded/cordate. Acute/acuminate. Entire. Glabrous above, pubescent beneath. Stellate.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Small. Linear. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Yellow/white/green-yellow. Fragrant. Capitate, axillary or apparently terminal. Hermaphrodite/monoecious.
Fruit: Capsule 0.7 cm long 0.5 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Montane, upper montane and dry montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LT, LV. Central and Eastern Tropical Africa.
Notes: subsp. ellipticus is southern African.
Uses: The wood is white, hard and heavy used for firewood, charcoal, tool handles, building poles and pestles. A decoction of bark is added to soup or taken with meat to help the digestion.
Trichocladus goetzei Engl.
Syn. FTEA: T. dentatus Hutch.
Syn. TTCL: T. dentatus Hutch.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small/medium. To 24 m.
Bark: Purple/brown. Rough/flaking in patches.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.4 – 2 cm.
Lamina: small/medium. 3 – 11 × 0.8 – 4.2 cm. Elliptic/oblong. Cuneate/rounded/peltate when young. Acute/acuminate. Entire/serrate when young. Glabrous/hairs when young. Stellate.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Small. Linear. 0.5 cm. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Capitate. Axillary/terminal. Only hermaphrodite observed
Fruit: Capsule. 1 – 1.1 cm long. 0.9 – 1 cm across.
Ecology: Upper montane and dry montane forest.
Distr: EA (Udz, Ul), LN.
Notes: NR.
Uses: NR.
Last Updated: 17 June 2017