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HYMENOCARDIACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

HYMENOCARDIACEAE (EUPHORBIACEAE)

Hymenocardia ulmoides Oliv.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: Included in Euphorbiaceae in TTCL.
Local names: Mteti (Sw).
Bole: Small tree. To 12 m.
Bark: Grey. Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple, alternate.
Petiole: 0.4 – 0.8 cm, pubescent.
Lamina: 1.5 – 4 × 0.7 – 2 cm. Cuneate/rounded. Acute/obtuse/acuminate. Entire. Glabrous/hairy.
Domatia: Tufts of hairs.
Glands: Sparsely dotted beneath.
Stipules: Lanceolate or linear-lanceolate. 0.4 cm. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Male spicate or subpaniculate. Female terminal on lateral shoots. Dioecious.
Fruit: Winged. Suborbicular-obcordate or obovate. 1.8 – 2.3 × 1.3 – 2.3 cm.
Ecology: Dry lowland forest. Woodland. Thicket.
Distr: C. Tropical and Southern Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is used for firewood, charcoal and poles. Leaves are used as medicine for stomach-ache, coughs, diarrhoea and as a poultice for boils.
Last Updated: 17 June 2017