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ICACINACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

ICACINACEAE

Alsodeiopsis schumannii (Engl.) Engl.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkaranga-mwitu (Sw), Muozambeyu (S).
Bole: Branched. Small. To 12 m.
Bark: Pale grey/brown. Smooth.
Slash: Yellow/pale brown. Discolouring. Thin. Hard.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.2 – 0.8 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. 5 – 12 × 1.5 – 5 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Acuminate/acute. Entire. Hairy.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Yellow. Axillary. Lax panicles. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Orange-red. Ellipsoid. 2.2 cm long. 1.5 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Submontane, montane and upper montane forests.
Distr: EA (EUs, Ul) only.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is hard and used for building houses, firewood, tool handles and spoons. The fruits are edible. The tree is suitable for shade and amenity.
Apodytes dimidiata E. Mey. ex Arn.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: A. stuhlmannii Engl.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mmba (T), Mbuli (H), Mbululu (F), Mlambuzi (Sw).
Bole: Branched/straight/buttressed/fluted. Small/medium. To 25 m.
Bark: Grey. Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Small/medium. 2 – 15 × 1.5 – 8 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate/obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Terminal/axillary panicles. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Black and red. Asymmetric oblong-obovate. 0.5 – 1.1 cm long, 0.5 – 0.9 cm high, 0.3 – 0.4 cm wide.
Ecology: Dry lowland, montane and dry montane forest.
Distr: C, EA, N, LN, LT, LV. Tropical and Southern Africa. Madagascar. India.
Notes: Two varieties are recognised. Leaves drying black. A large tree in the West Usambara attributed to A. dimidiata may be distinct.
Uses: The wood is very hard and suitable for furniture and agricultural implements, firewood, beds and carvings. Leaves are used in the treatment of ear infections. Roots are used as medicine for intestinal worms. The bark is soaked in water and taken for stomach troubles. The tree is used for shade and as a bee forage.
Leptaulus daphnoides Benth.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 12 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 1.5 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. 6 – 15 × 2 – 6 cm. Elliptic/oblong. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Fragrant. Axillary cymes. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Ovoid/ellipsoid. 1.0 – 1.2 cm long. 0.8 cm wide.
Ecology: Riverine, lowland forest.
Distr: LV. West and Central Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: NR.
Last Updated: 17 June 2017