Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania
Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett
Syn. FTEA: B. racemosa (L.) Spreng.
Syn. TTCL: B. racemosa (L.) Blume.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mtomondo (Sw).
Bole: Branched. Occasionally buttressed. Small. To 12 m.
Bark: Grey/brown/yellow. Rough/smooth/fissured. Leaf scars on young branches.
Slash: Pale brown, red edge. Fibrous.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate. Leaves at ends of branches.
Petiole: 0.25 – 1.5 cm
Lamina: Medium/large. 15 – 36 × 6 – 14 cm. Oblong-lanceolate/ovate. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Glands: Leaf veins ending in glands like black teeth.
Stipules: Small. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Pink/white. Hanging racemes. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Ellipsoid/conical/round in section or distinctly angular 3 – 7 × 2 – 4cm.
Ecology: Riverine lowland forest. Edges of mangroves.
Distr: C. Eastern Africa. Indian and Pacific Ocean, South Asiatic coast, Malesia, Australia.
Uses: The wood is soft and not valued. Fruits are used as soap substitute and as medicine for malaria. The bark has a high content of tannin and is used as fish poison and for fibre. The tree is used for shade and ornamental purposes.