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LEGUMINOSAE PAPILIONOIDEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

LEGUMINOSAE (FABACEAE): PAPILIONOIDEAE

Angylocalyx braunii Harms
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Kihambie (S).
Bole: Straight/branched. Small. To 12 m.
Bark: Pale brown/green grey. Smooth. Small vertical fissures. Knobs.
Slash: Yellow. Granular/ fibrous.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 3 – 7 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 8 – 14 × 4 – 7 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Subulate/cordate. 0.2 cm long. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/pale pink/cream. Racemes from knobs on old wood.
Fruit: Brown hairy knobbly sausages, 10 – 20 cm long.
Ecology: Riverine, dry lowland and lowland forest.
Distr: C, EA. Southeast Kenya.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is hard, straight-grained and used for building poles, walking sticks, tool handles, spoons and firewood. It is also suitable for ornamental planting.
Baphia kirkii Baker
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkuruti (Sw).
Bole: Branched. Small/medium. To 27 m.
Bark: Grey. Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.8 – 3.2 cm. Pulvinus at both ends.
Lamina: Medium. 3 – 14 × 2 – 6 cm. Elliptic/ovate. Cuneate/rounded/cordate. Acute/acuminate/obtuse. Entire. Hairy/glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Ovate/oblong. 1.5 × 0.4 cm. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White with yellow spot near the base. Axillary racemes.
Fruit: Pale yellow woody pods/straw-coloured.
Ecology: Riverine, dry lowland forest. Thicket.
Distr: C only.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is very hard and heavy. It is used for timber, firewood, charcoal, tool handles, pestles, stools and carvings. The tree is suitable for ornamental planting and for shade.
Baphia pauloi Brummitt
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.7 – 1.0 cm. Pulvinus at both ends.
Lamina: Small/medium. 6 × 2.8 cm. Elliptic/obovate. Rounded. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: NR.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Short axillary racemes.
Fruit: NR.
Ecology: Lowland forest.
Distr: EA only (Kimboza).
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is used for firewood, charcoal, tool handles and spoons. The tree is suitable for shade and amenity.
Baphia puguensis Brummitt
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 14 m.
Bark: Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.3 – 0.8 cm. Pulvinus at both ends.
Lamina: Small/medium. 2.5 – 6.8 × 1.4 – 2.4 cm. Obovate/Oblong-lanceolate. Rounded. Asymmetrical. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Solitary in leaf axils.
Fruit: Pod 6 – 8.5 × 1.6 – 1.8 cm.
Ecology: Dry lowland forest.
Distr: C only (Pugu, Kazimzumbwi, Matumbi).
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is hard and used for building poles, firewood, spoons, tool handles and charcoal. This plant is suitable for amenity and shade.
Baphia semseiana Brummitt
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 10 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 1.2 – 10 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. 5 – 21 × 2.5 – 8 cm. Elliptic. Cuneate/rounded. Obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: NR.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Pale pink with a yellow spot near base. Lax terminal and axillary racemes.
Fruit: Pod. 7 – 12 × 1.3 – 1.9 cm.
Ecology: Riverine, lowland forest.
Distr: EA only (Ng, Udz).
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is used for firewood, poles, charcoal, spoons and tool handles. The tree can be grown for ornamental purposes.
Baphiopsis parviflora Benth. ex Baker
Syn. FTEA: NC. (In Caesalpinioideae)
Syn. TTCL: B. stuhlmannii Taub.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mutoke, Omutoke (Ha).
Bole: Small. To 15 m.
Bark: Red-brown. Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.5 – 4 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. (3 -) 4.5 – 16.5 (- 25) × (1.2 -) 1.5 – 7 (- 11) cm. Rounded. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Small. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Short racemes. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Black pod. 3 – 4 (- 6) cm long, 1.5 – 2.5 cm wide.
Ecology: Groundwater and lowland forest.
Distr: LV. Southern Uganda, Central and West-central Africa, Angola.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is hard and is used for firewood, charcoal, building poles and tool handles. The tree is suitable for shade, ornamental planting and swamp planting.
Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth. subsp. aurea
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: C. subdecandra (L’Hérit.) Schweickerdt
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mlatangao (C).
Bole: Branched. Small. To 10 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. Alternate. (4 -) 5 – 15 leaflets. Lflts: Opposite/alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Small. 2.5 – 4 (- 5) × 1.2 – 1.6 (- 2) cm. Ovate/oblong. Cuneate/rounded. Asymmetrical. Obtuse/mucronate. Entire. Hairy.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Small. Hairy.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Yellow. Axillary raceme.
Fruit: Pod. 5 – 12 × 0.8 – 1.6 cm.
Ecology: Riverine and dry montane forest edges and clearings.
Distr: EA, N, LT. Central, Eastern and Southern Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is used for building poles, firewood, charcoal and tool handles. The tree is attractive with profuse yellow flowers making it suitable for amenity, and it is also important in agroforestry. The roots and back are poisonous. Fresh juice from crushed leaves is applied to wounds to kill jiggers.
Cordyla africana Lour.
Syn. FTEA: NC. (In Caesalpinioideae)
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mgwata (Sw), Mroma (C).
Bole: Straight. Medium. To 25 m.
Bark: Brown/grey. Fissured/rough.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 11 – 28 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: with rachis: 9 – 24 cm.
Lamina: Small. 2 – 5 × 1.5 – 2.5 cm. Oblong/elliptic/ovate. Cuneate/rounded. Obtuse/emarginate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Pellucid dots and streaks in leaves.
Stipules: Small. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Green with yellow tufts and orange/yellow stamens. Axillary/terminal. Racemes.
Fruit: Yellow woody beaked pod. 4.5 – 8 × 3 – 6 cm.
Ecology: Riverine, groundwater, lowland forest.
Distr: C, EA, N, Eastern and Southern Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The heartwood is brown, hard and is used for heavy construction, sleepers, bridge timber, wooden spoons, drums and stools. The fruits are edible. The tree is used for shade and is suitable for avenue planting.
Craibia brevicaudata (Vatke) Dunn subsp. baptistarum (Büttner) J. B. Gilbert
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: C. wentzeliana (Harms) Harms
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Straight/fluted. Small/medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Pale brown/grey. Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 5 – 7 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: With rachis: Up to 10 cm. Petiolule: 0.2 – 0.5 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 11 × 3.5 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Ovate. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/pale purplish/brown, hairy. Raceme. Terminal.
Fruit: Pod. 9 × 3 cm.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: LN, LT. Southern Tropical Africa.
Notes: Indumentum of infloresence golden-brown.
Uses: The wood of this species is hard and is used for poles, firewood, charcoal and spoons. The tree is suitable for avenue, shade and ornamental purposes.
Craibia brevicaudata (Vatke) Dunn subsp. brevicaudata
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: C. brevicaudata (Vatke) Dunn
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mfunda mweupe, Mkibwe (Sw).
Bole: Straight/fluted. Small/medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Pale brown.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 3 – 5 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: With rachis: Up to 10 cm. Petiolule: 0.2 – 0.5 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 11 × 3.5 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Ovate. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/pale purplish/brown, hairy. Raceme. Terminal.
Fruit: Pod. 9 × 3 cm.
Ecology: Riverine, lowland forest.
Distr: C. Kenya.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood of this species is hard and is used for poles, firewood, charcoal and spoons. The tree is suitable for avenue, shade and ornamental purposes.
Craibia brevicaudata (Vatke) Dunn subsp. schliebenii (Harms) J. B. Gillett
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: C. gazensis sensu Brenan non (Baker f.) Baker f., C. schliebenii Harms
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mhande (S).
Bole: Straight/fluted. Small/medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Pale brown/yellow-grey. Smooth/slightly fissured.
Slash: Yellow/white discolouring brown/yellow, can be orange near bark. Hard. Fibrous.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 5 – 7 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: With rachis: Up to 10 cm. Petiolule: 0.2 – 0.5 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 11 × 3.5 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Ovate. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/pale purplish/brown, hairy. Raceme. Terminal.
Fruit: Pod. 9 × 3 cm.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: EA (EUs, Rubeho, Ulu). Mozambique.
Notes: Almost linear drip tips. Leaves drying blue-green.
Uses: The wood of this species is hard and is used for poles, firewood, charcoal and spoons. The tree is suitable for avenue, shade and ornamental purposes.
Craibia brownii Dunn
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: C. elliottii Dunn
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mhande (S).
Bole: Medium. To 20 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. Alternate. 3 – 8 leaflets. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: Rachis up to 12 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. Up to 15 × 7 cm. Elliptic. Cuneate/rounded. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Oblong. Persistent/falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Blue/pink/white. Raceme.
Fruit: Pod.
Ecology: Riverine, lowland and submontane forest.
Distr: EA, LV. Central and Eastern Africa.
Notes: The eastern Tanzania record is from a plantation and may have been introduced.
Uses: Used for firewood, charcoal, building poles, tool handles, wooden spoons, shade and amenity.
Craibia zimmermanni (Harms) Harms ex Dunn
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mhande (S).
Bole: Small. To 15 m.
Bark: Pale grey. Flaking.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 3 – 5 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 10 × 5 cm. Ovate/lanceolate. Cuneate/rounded. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Fragrant. Raceme.
Fruit: Flat woody pod, 6 – 11 × 2 – 3.5 cm.
Ecology: Lowland and submontane forest.
Distr: C, EA. Southeast Kenya, Southeastern Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: This species is used for firewood, charcoal, building poles, tool handles, wooden spoons, shade and amenity.
Dalbergia boehmii Taub. subsp. boehmii
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: Dalbergia elata Harms
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mchlochulo (Ngi), Msensa (Z).
Bole: Small/medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Grey/brown. Rough/flaking in small pieces.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 9 – 17 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: Rachis: 10 – 25 cm.
Lamina: Small. 3 – 8 × 1 – 4 cm. Elliptic/lanceolate/ovate. Cuneate/rounded. Acute/mucronate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: 0.8 – 1.5 cm. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/cream turning yellow. Fragrant. Panicles.
Fruit: Red/brown pod. Oblong. 6 – 11 × 1 – 2 cm.
Ecology: Dry lowland forest. Woodland. Thicket.
Distr: C, EA, LT. Tropical Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: Good building poles, tool handles, firewood and charcoal. The tree is also used for shade and avenue purposes.
Erythrina excelsa Baker
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: E. sereti De Wild.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Straight. Small/medium. To 30 m.
Bark: Pale. Smooth with woody conical spines.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Trifoliolate. Alternate.
Petiole: 4 – 21 cm. Petiolules: 0.6 – 1.2 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 7 – 23.5 × 3.5 – 16.5 cm. Elliptic/ovate. Rounded. Obtuse/acuminate. Entire. Glabrous/hairy when young.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: NR.
Thorns & Spines: Straight prickles.
Flower: Red. Pyramidal, many flowered. Flowering when leafless.
Fruit: Pod. Woody. Curved. Constricted between seeds. 20 × 1.5 – 2.3 cm.
Ecology: Groundwater and riverine forest.
Distr: LT, LV. Uganda, Kenya, West and Central Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: Used for firewood, charcoal, grain mortars, avenue and ornamental purposes.
Erythrina sacleuxii Hua
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Muungu (S).
Bole: Small/medium. To 25 m.
Bark: Grey/brown. Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Trifoliolate. Alternate. Lflts: Opposite.
Petiole: 6.5 – 27.5 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 5 – 20 × 5 – 22 cm. Ovate. Cuneate. Obtuse. Entire. Hairy when young/glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Present.
Thorns & Spines: Black prickles.
Flower: Red. Spikes. Before leaves.
Fruit: Woody pods, curved/contorted. 9 – 14 × 2.2 – 3 cm.
Ecology: Dry lowland forest. Woodland.
Distr: C, EA. Southeast Kenya.
Notes: NR.
Uses: Used for firewood, charcoal, grain mortars, amenity and avenue planting.
Millettia elongatistyla J. B. Gillett
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mhafa (S).
Bole: Small. To 15 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. Alternate. (9 -) 11 (- 13) leaflets. Lflts: Opposite.
Petiole: 11 cm. With rachis: up to 25 cm.
Lamina: Small. 11 × 5 cm. Oblong-elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous/hairy when young.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Narrowly triangular, 0.2 – 0.3 cm. Stipellae similar, 0.2 – 0.3 cm.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Purple. Panicle.
Fruit: White hairy pod. Oblong. 12 × 1.8 cm.
Ecology: Riverine, lowland forest.
Distr: C, EA (Mahenge, Udz, Ulu, Kimboza, Kiono)
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is hard, heavy and is used for firewood, building poles, charcoal, tool handles and wooden spoons. It is also suitable for shade and ornamental purposes.
Millettia oblata Dunn
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mhafa (S).
Bole: Medium. To 30 m.
Bark: Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. Alternate. 9 – 21 leaflets. Lflts: Opposite.
Petiole: 9 cm. With rachis to 30 cm. Petiolule: 0.5 cm.
Lamina: Small. 9 × 3 cm. Oblong-lanceolate. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous/hairy beneath.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Strap shape. Up to 0.9 cm.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Purple-blue. Axillary pseudoracemes.
Fruit: Pod brown. 10 × 1.8 – 2.5 cm.
Ecology: Submontane and montane forest.
Distr: EA, LN. Southeast Kenya.
Notes: There are five subspecies in eastern African forests, with one (subsp. burttii J. B. Gillett) in the Itigi thicket.
Uses: The wood is heavy, hard and used for building poles, firewood, charcoal, tool handles and pestles. The tree is important for shade and amenity. The bark is used to treat stomach-ache. Roots are used with soup for treating swollen parts of the body.
Millettia sacleuxii Dunn
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mhafa (L,S).
Bole: Small. To 10 m.
Bark: Whitish. Striate.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 7 – 5 (- 9) leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Opposite.
Petiole: 9 cm. Rachis up to 25 cm. Petiolule: 0.6 – 0.7 cm.
Lamina: Small. 18 × 11 cm. Oblong. Cuneate. Acuminate/apiculate. Entire. Glabrous/hairy when young.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Purple. Panicles.
Fruit: Pod. 17 × 3.5 cm.
Ecology: Lowland forest.
Distr: EA only (EUs, Ng).
Notes: NR.
Uses: The very hard, heavy heartwood is used for building poles, fencing, tool handles and pestles. Suitable for amenity planting.
Millettia usaramensis Taub. subsp. usaramensis
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: M. usaramensis Taub.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mhamvi (L).
Bole: Small/medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Grey. Longitudinally flaking.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 7 – 17 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Opposite.
Petiole: With rachis: 10 – 15 cm. Petiolule: 0.2 – 0.4 cm.
Lamina: Small. 7 × 4 cm. Ovate/lanceolate. Cuneate. Asymmetric. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous above/slightly hairy beneath.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Purple. Axillary pseudoraceme.
Fruit: Red-brown hairy flat pod, 14 × 1.1 cm wide.
Ecology: Riverine, lowland forest edge. Woodland. Thicket.
Distr: C, EA, LT, LV. Eastern Tropical Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is very hard and heavy. It is used for building poles, firewood, charcoal, pestles and withies. It is also suitable for shade and amenity.
Pterocarpus mildbraedii Harms subsp. usambarensis (Verdc.) Polhill
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mninga-maji (Sw), Mkula (S).
Bole: Straight. Large. To 36 m.
Bark: Pale brown/grey. Smooth.
Slash: Orange/brown/pale yellow with purple flecks near wood. Hard. Exuding a red gum.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 3 – 5 pairs leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 6 – 14 × 2.8 – 7 cm. Elliptic/oblong. Cuneate. Mucronate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Large. Oblong-lanceolate. 1 cm long. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Yellow. Raceme/panicle.
Fruit: Round. Large flat wing. 10 – 12 cm long.
Ecology: Lowland forest.
Distr: EA only (EUs).
Notes: Style base half way around the wing. The species as a whole is West African.
Uses: The wood is red, hard and heavy. It is used for timber, building poles charcoal, firewood, pestles, carvings and shade.
Pterocarpus tinctorius Welw.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: P. chrysothrix Taub., P. holtzii Harms, P. megalocarpus Harms, P. stolzii Harms., P. sp. no. 8., P. sp. no. 9
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mninga-maji (Sw), Mkula (S), Mkurungu(N).
Bole: Small/medium. To 24 m.
Bark: Grey/brown. Smooth/fissured.
Slash: White. Red exudate.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 2 – 6 pairs leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 4 – 11 × 2 – 7 cm. Ovate/oblong. Cuneate/cordate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous/hairy beneath.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Small. 0.3 cm long.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Yellow/orange. Axillary/terminal panicle.
Fruit: Large plate like fruit.
Ecology: Riverine, dry lowland, lowland and submontane forest. Woodland.
Distr: C, EA, LN, LT, LV. Central and Eastern Tropical Africa. Angola.
Notes: Style at base of fruit wing. A number of races are informally recognised.
Uses: The wood is red, hard and heavy. It is used for timber, building poles, tool handles and carvings. The tree is used for shade.
Schefflerodendron usambarense Harms
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Msase (S).
Bole: Branched. Small/medium. To 30 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 7 – 12 leaflets. Alternate. Lflts: Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Small/medium. 3 – 11 × 1 – 4 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: Orange glands on underside of leaflets.
Stipules: Small. 0.1 cm. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/pink. Axillary racemes.
Fruit: Thick inflated woody pods. 8 × 3.5 × 3 cm.
Ecology: Lowland and submontane forest.
Distr: C, EA (EUs). West Central Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is very hard and heavy. It is used for building poles, firewood, charcoal, tool handles and fencing poles.
Last Updated: 17 June 2017