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MELASTOMATACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

MELASTOMATACEAE

Lijndenia brenanii (A.&R. Fern.) Jacq.-Fél.
Syn. FTEA: Memecylon brenanii A.&R. Fernandes
Syn. TTCL: M. sp. 17
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Kigwande, Msekene (S).
Bole: Medium. To 18 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.2 – 0.4 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. 4 – 7.5 × 2.4 – 4 cm. Elliptic. Cuneate. 3-nerved from base. Acuminate/obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Axillary cyme.
Fruit: Globose. 0.7 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Submontane forest.
Distr: EA (EUs, WUs, Udz [sterile specimens only]).
Notes: Branchlets 4-angled.
Uses: The wood is hard and heavy. It is used for firewood, charcoal and building poles.
Memecylon greenwayii Brenan
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Kigwande, Msekene (S).
Bole: Small. To 12 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.2 cm.
Lamina: Small. 0.9 – 2 × 0.9 – 1.9 cm. Ovate. Cuneate. Obtuse/emarginate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Pink/white. Axillary.
Fruit: NR.
Ecology: Submontane forest.
Distr: EA only (EUs).
Notes: Leaf with only one prominent nerve (the midrib) and papillose beneath.
Uses: Used for building poles, firewood, tool handles and for amenity.
Memecylon myrianthum Gilg
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 10 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.2 – 0.5 cm.
Lamina: Small. 3.5 – 8 (- 12) × 2.5 – 5 (- 6) cm. Elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Pseudo-umbels.
Fruit: Globose. 0.8 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Lowland forest.
Distr: LV. Central and West Central Africa.
Notes: Anthers blue.
Uses: This species is used for firewood, tool handles, poles, and for ornamental and shade purposes.
Memecylon sp. A of FTEA
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 15 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: NR.
Petiole: 0.5 – 0.8 cm.
Lamina: 6 – 11 × 3 – 6 cm. Ovate/oblong. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: NR.
Fruit: Black. 1.6 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: EA only (Udz).
Notes: Papillose on both leaf surfaces.
Uses: Used for tool handles, firewood, poles and amenity.
Memecylon teitense Wickens
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 15 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: NR.
Petiole: 0.5 – 0.8 cm.
Lamina: 6 – 11 × 3 – 6 cm. Ovate/oblong. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: NR.
Fruit: Black. 1.6 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: EA only (Udz).
Notes: Papillose on both leaf surfaces.
Uses: Used for tool handles, firewood, poles and amenity.
Warneckea jasminoides (Gilg) Jacq.-Fél.
Syn. FTEA: Memecylon jasminoides Gilg
Syn. TTCL: Memecylon jasminoides Gilg, Memecylon heterophyllum Gilg
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 15 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.2 – 0.5 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. 4 – 15 × 2 – 6.5 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. 3-nerves from base. Obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Blue. Axillary.
Fruit: Blue. Globose. 0.7 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Groundwater and lowland forest.
Distr: LT, LV. Uganda, Central Africa (Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic).
Notes: NR.
Uses: Used for building poles, tool handles, firewood, shade and amenity.
Warneckia sansibarica (Taub.) Jacq.-Fél.
Syn. FTEA: Memecylon sansibaricum Taub.
Syn. TTCL: Memecylon lutambense Markgraf
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mpera-mwitu (Sw).
Bole: Small. To 15 m.
Bark: Yellow grey. Smooth. Branchlets obscurely 4-angled.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple, opposite.
Petiole: 0.1 – 0.4 cm.
Lamina: 1.4 – 12 × 1.2 – 6.4 cm. Ovate/elliptic. Cuneate 3-nerved from base. Obtuse/acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White becoming blue. Axillary.
Fruit: Blue, 0.5 – 0.8 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Dry lowland forest. Woodland.
Distr: C, LN. Eastern and South-central Africa. Madagascar.
Notes: Coastal (subsp. sansibarica, leaf obtuse to shortly acuminate) and inland subspecies (subsp. buchananii (Gilg) Borhidi, leaf long-acuminate) are recognised. The local name Mpera-mwitu means wild guava (though guava is in the Myrtaceae).
Uses: Used for building poles, tool handles, wooden spoons, firewood, amenity and shade.
Last Updated: 18 June 2017