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MONIMIACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

MONIMIACEAE

Xymalos monospora (Harv.) Warb.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Kidimdim (S), Mkafi (H), Ndiri (C).
Bole: Branched. Small/medium. To 27 m.
Bark: Grey/brown. Rough/flaking.
Slash: Pale brown. Granular. Wood yellow.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.7 cm. Round.
Lamina: Medium. 4.5 – 20 × 1.8 – 10 cm. Elliptic/oblong. Cuneate. Acuminate/acute. Serrate. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Leaves gland dotted and lemon scented.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Green. Axillary panicles or racemes. Monoecious.
Fruit: Orange/red. Ovoid, fleshy 1 – 1.9 cm long.
Ecology: Submontane, montane and upper montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LT, LV. Eastern and Southern Africa, Cameroon highlands, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko).
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is lemon-yellow, straight-grained and easily planed. It is used for timber, firewood, poles, grain mortars and stools. The tree is suitable for shade and avenues. Leaves are twisted several times and tied as poultices for sores. Roots are used as an aphrodisiac. The bark and roots are pounded and the powder is applied on any painful part of the body after incising with a razor blade.
Last Updated: 18 June 2017