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MYRICACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

MYRICACEAE

Morella kandtiana (Engl.) Verdc. & Polhill
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: Myrica kandtiana Engl.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 6 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.3 – 0.8 cm.
Lamina: Small. 5 – 10 × 2 – 4 cm. Elliptic-oblanceolate to oblong-obovate. Acute to obtuse. Usually serrate/rarely subentire. Glabrous/hairy below.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Small off-white or pale yellow glands on leaf undersurface.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Catkins. Almost always monoecious.
Fruit: Ellipsoid-globose warted drupe, blue or grey to blackish purple, often covered with white wax. 0.35 – 0.40 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Swamps and swamp forest edges.
Distr: LV. Uganda, Kenya, Central Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: NR.
Morella salicifolia (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Verdc. & Polhill
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: Myrica goetzei Engl., Myrica hanangensis (never described), Myrica meyeri-johannis Engl., Myrica oligadenia A. Peter., Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich., Myrica usambarensis Engl.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mdatsa (H), Mpache (C), Mfurukwe (C), Mshegheshe (S), Mwefi (H).
Bole: Small/medium. To 15 m.
Bark: Thick, corky, pale grey. Rough/fissured.
Slash: Dark red.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.1 – 1.6 cm. Round. Slightly pulvinate.
Lamina: Small/medium. 1.5 – 17.0 × 0.6 – 6.0 cm Elliptic-oblanceolate to elliptic-obovate or elliptic-oblong. Rounded to acute. Serrate/entire. Glabrous/hairy below. Simple.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Present/absent. Small yellow glands on leaf undersurface.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Catkins. Almost always dioecious.
Fruit: Ellipsoid-globose to subglobose warted drupe often covered with white wax. 0.18 – 0.4 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Upper montane and dry montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN. Eastern and East-central Tropical Africa. Arabian Peninsula.
Notes: Four subspecies, with two in Tanzania: subsp. kilimandscharica (Engl.) Verdc. & Polhill in EA, N, and LN, and subsp. meyeri-johannis (Engl.) Verdc. & Polhill in N only. Subsp. mildbraedii (Engl.) Verdc. & Polhill may occur in EA (S Pare), but only sterile specimens have been collected and identification is unsure.
Uses: The wood is moderately hard and is used for firewood and charcoal. The tree makes good shade and avenue. Leaves are pounded, mixed with ghee and applied on skin to cure skin diseases. The bark is used for headaches, stomach-ache, toothache and generalized body pains.
Morella serrata (Lam.) Killick
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: Myrica conifera Burm. f.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 9 m.
Bark: Grey, smooth to rough.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.3 – 0.5 cm.
Lamina: Small. 7 – 12 × 1 – 3 cm. Linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic. Acute to obtuse. Subentire to coarsely serrate. Glabrous/hairy below.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Small golden-yellow glands on both leaf undersurface.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Catkins. Dioecious/less commonly monoecious.
Fruit: Ellipsoid-globose warted drupe. 0.3 – 0.4 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Swamps along rivers and in thickets.
Distr: LT, LN. Southern Tropical and Southern Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: NR.
Last Updated: 18 June 2017