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MYRISTICACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

MYRISTICACEAE

Cephalospheara usambarensis (Warb.) Warb
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mtambaa (S), Mtambara (Sw).
Bole: Straight. Large. To 50 m.
Bark: Pale/grey brown. Smooth.
Slash: Pale brown/orange with paler flecks. Granular. Red exudate.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 10 – 29 × 4 – 7.3 cm. Oblong/oblong-lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute/acuminate. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Axillary.
Fruit: Yellow-green, splitting into two lobes to release the egg shaped fruit. Cream/yellow aril.
Ecology: Submontane forest, lowland streamside forest.
Distr: C, EA.
Notes: Leaves pale grey beneath.
Uses: The wood is reddish-brown and easy to plane. It is used for furniture, joinery, boxes, crates and plywood. The tree provides good shade and is suitable for avenue planting. The bark produces red dye. Roots are used as medicine for hernia.
Pycnanthus angolensis (Welw.) Warb. subsp. schweinfurthii (Warb.) Engl.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: P. schweinfurthii Warb.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Lulumasha (T), Mkungu-mwitu (Sw).
Bole: Large. To 40 m.
Bark: NR.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: NR.
Lamina: Medium. 30 × 10.2 cm. Oblong. Cordate. Acuminate. Entire. Hairy.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Panicles.
Fruit: NR.
Ecology: Groundwater forest.
Distr: LT, LV. East Central Africa.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is soft and is used for firewood. The tree is used for shade in farms and is suitable for ornamental planting. Seeds are pounded and used as soap substitute.
Last Updated: 18 June 2017