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PANDANACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

PANDANACEAE

Pandanus chiliocarpus Stapf
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: P. hemiacanthus A. Peter, P. welwitschii Rendle
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: To 15 m.
Bark: Grey or brown.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Spirally arranged, simple.
Petiole: Absent.
Lamina: Lanceolate/linear, 135 – 270 × 4 – 8 cm. Clasping. Acuminate. Spines on margins and midrib.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Conical spines on bark, sharp spines on stilt-roots.
Flower: Unisexual. Staminate flowers in spicately arranged spadices 14 – 26 cm long, with 4 – 6 spathes; pistillate flowers unknown.
Fruit: Syncarps 19 – 38 × 8 – 20 cm.
Ecology: Swamps, stream beds, riverine forest.
Distr: LT. Uganda.
Notes: NR.
Uses: NR.
Pandanus kirkii Rendle
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: P. heddei Warb., P. usaramensis Martelli, P. warburgii Martelli
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: To 15 m.
Bark: Smooth, dark grey.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Spirally arranged, simple.
Petiole: Absent.
Lamina: Linear, 90 – 300 × 4.7 – 6.6 cm. Clasping. Flagellate-attenuate. Toothed on margins and midrib.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: A few blunt knobs on trunk, sharp spines on stilt-roots.
Flower: Unisexual. Staminate flowers in spicately arranged spadices 20 – 64 cm long, with 9 – 12 spathes; pistillate flowers unknown.
Fruit: Syncarps 8 – 18 × 5 – 16 cm.
Ecology: Sandy beaches and on coral near sea.
Distr: C. Coastal Kenya.
Notes: NR.
Uses: NR.
Pandanus rabaiensis Rendle
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: P. goetzei Warb., P. stuhlmannii Warb., P. engleri Warb.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkadi, Msamaka (Sw).
Bole: To 20 m.
Bark: Buff-coloured.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Spirally arranged, simple.
Petiole: Absent.
Lamina: Linear, 90 – 300 × 4.7 – 6.6 cm. Clasping. Attenuate. Spines on margins and midrib.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent. Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Sharp conical spines on trunk, small conical spines on stilt-roots.
Flower: Unisexual. Staminate flowers in spicately arranged spadices 12 – 30 cm long; pistillate flowers unknown.
Fruit: Syncarps 7 – 20 × 5.5 – 12.0 cm.
Ecology: Swamps, limestone, white sand, riverine forest.
Distr: C, EA. Coastal Kenya.
Notes: NR.
Uses: Used for ornament, basketry, matting and soil conservation.
Last Updated: 15 June 2017