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PODOCARPACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

PODOCARPACEAE

Afrocarpus dawei (Stapf) C. N. Page


Syn. FTEA: Podocarpus usambarensis Pilg. var. dawei (Stapf) Melville
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Omurauma, Msenene (Ha), Podo (Sw).
Bole: Straight. Large. To 35 m.
Bark: Black/brown. Scaling.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate/opposite.
Petiole: Sessile.
Lamina: Small/medium. Juvenile: 13 × 0.8 cm. Adult: 1.0 – 1.5 × 0.15 – 0.25 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Cones. Dioecious.
Fruit: Globose green/black berry-like cone, 1.9 – 3.5 cm long, 1.6 – 3.0 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Swamp forest.
Distr: LV. Uganda.
Notes: The fruit does not have a red receptacle.
Uses: The wood is used for timber. Distinguished from A. falcatus by broader scales of male cones and thinner shell of seeds.
Afrocarpus falcatus (Thunb.) C. N. Page


Syn. FTEA: Podocarpus gracilior Pilg., Podocarpus usambarensis Pilg. var. usambarensis
Syn. TTCL: P. gracilior Pilg., P. usambarensis Pilg.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: African yellow-wood (E), Dukmo (Ir), Kisalasala (Ng), Laganehel (Ba), Mpoda (R), Mpodo (Sw), Mse (S), Mshunga (P), Msisimu (Ha), Msosi (C), Mtokosi (C), Muanziri (L), Muvembanyigo (H), Mvavavi (C), Mziziru (Ha), Nokim (Ir), Ol piripiri (A), Ol wiriwiri (Me, M), Podo (E).
Bole: Straight. Large. To 30 m.
Bark: Black/brown. Scaling.
Slash: Pink to pale brown. Resinous smell.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate/opposite.
Petiole: Sessile.
Lamina: Small/medium. Juvenile: 18 × 1 cm. Adult: 0.1 – 1.5 × 0.2 – 0.3 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Cones. Dioecious.
Fruit: Globose green/ black berry-like cone, 1.5 – 3.5 cm long, 1.5 – 3 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: EA, N. Eastern, North Eastern and Southern Africa.
Notes: The fruit does not have a red receptacle.
Uses: The wood is used for timber for furniture, plywood, boxes, pallets and food containers. Firewood. The tree is planted for hedges, avenue and shade. The bark is used by the WaShambaa, WaHehe and WaMasai for the treatment of diarrhoea and stomach-ache.
Podocarpus henkelii Stapf ex Dallim. & B. D. Jacks.


Syn. FTEA: P. ensiculus Melville
Syn. TTCL: P. ?henkelii Stapf ex Dallimore & Jackson
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mpodo (Sw), Mse (S).
Bole: Straight. Large. To 30 m.
Bark: Grey/brown. Fibrous with shallow longitudinal fissures.
Slash: Pink-red.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite/alternate.
Petiole: Sessile.
Lamina: Small/medium. Adult: 6 – 15 × 0.3 – 0.8 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Cones. Dioecious.
Fruit: Green/ yellow berry-like cone 2.5 – 3.5 cm long 1.8 – 2.8 cm in diameter with a receptacle 0.5 cm long.
Ecology: Upper montane forest.
Distr: EA. Tanzania to South Africa.
Notes: Receptacle not coloured. Leaves pendulous, tapering from below the middle. Rare in Tanzania.
Uses: In South Africa the wood is considered suitable for timber and other uses.
Podocarpus latifolius (Thunb.) R.Br. ex Mirb.


Syn. FTEA: P. milanjianus Rendle
Syn. TTCL: P. milanjianus Rendle, P. ulugurensis Pilg.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Dukmo (Ir), Laganehel (Ba), Mfulanyelele (F), Mkensi (K), Mpodo (Sw), Mseso (Me), Mse-mawe (S), Msoso (C), Mtokosi (C), Mtongoso (C), Mtosi (C), Muanziri (L), Muvembanyigo (H), Mwarinyani (R), Nuki (Ir), Nyalulasi (Ny), Podo (E), Siegi (Nh), Tawaso (C).
Bole: Straight. Large/small. To 35 m.
Bark: Brown/grey. Scaling.
Slash: Pale brown. Resinous smell.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate/opposite.
Petiole: Sessile.
Lamina: Small/medium. Juvenile: 20 × 1.3 cm. Adult: 2 – 15 × 0.5 – 1.2 cm. Lanceolate. Cuneate. Obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Cones. Dioecious.
Fruit: Green berry-like cone 0.9 – 1.2 cm long with a red receptacle 1.5 – 1.8 cm long.
Ecology: Montane and upper montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LT, LV. Eastern, Southern and West Central Africa.
Notes: Red receptacle.
Uses: Timber, flooring, ornamental.
Last Updated: 5 February 2019