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RHIZOPHORACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

RHIZOPHORACEAE

Cassipourea euryoïdes Alston
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mugome (Sw).
Bole: Branched. Small/medium. To 18 m.
Bark: Grey. Smooth.
Slash: Orange with purple border.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.3 – 0.6 cm.
Lamina: Small/medium. 6 – 8 × 3 – 4 cm. Elliptic. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire/serrate. Glabrous/sparsely hairy below.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Interpetiolar. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/green. Axillary.
Fruit: Hairy spherical capsule. 0.5 cm long.
Ecology: Dry lowland forest. Thicket.
Distr: C. Coastal Kenya and Mozambique.
Notes: Leaves mostly entire.
Uses: The wood is hard, heavy and durable. It is used for building poles, firewood, charcoal and tool handles.
Cassipourea gummiflua Tul.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: C. redslobii Engl., C. verticillata N.E. Br. f. decussata Engl.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Msaa (S), Msikundazi (Sw), Msengela-mtitu (H).
Bole: Straight. Medium/large. To 40 m.
Bark: Pale grey/brown. Smooth.
Slash: Orange/yellow/brown. Granular. Hard. Wet toward wood. Exuding clear liquid.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.6 – 1.5 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 11.5 – 14 × 6 – 5 cm. Elliptic/oblong. Cuneate/rounded. Acuminate/obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Interpetiolar.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Axillary.
Fruit: Capsule ellipsoid. 0.7 cm long.
Ecology: Submontane, montane, upper montane and dry montane forest.
Distr: EA, LN, LV. Tropical and Southern Africa. Madagascar.
Notes: Leaves occasionally bluntly serrate. Yellow petioles. The local name Msengela-mtitu means black Cassipourea.
Uses: The wood is hard and heavy. It is used for timber, firewood, charcoal, poles, dhow masts, spoons, canoe paddles and yokes. The tree is used for shade.
Cassipourea malosana (Baker) Alston
Syn. FTEA: C. congoensis DC.
Syn. TTCL: C. eickii (Engl.) Alston, C. elliotii (Engl.) Alston
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Ndiri (C), Niri (C), Nri (C), Msengela-mwelu (H).
Bole: Straight. Medium/large. To 45 m.
Bark: Dark grey. Smooth.
Slash: Pale pink/orange with purple edge. Granular. Hard.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.2 – 0.7 cm. Channelled.
Lamina: Small/medium. 3 – 10 × 1 – 5 cm. Elliptic/ovate/lanceolate. Cuneate/rounded. Acuminate/obtuse/acute. Serrate/entire. Glabrous above/hairy beneath on veins. Simple.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Interpetiolar.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Yellowish, greenish or cream. Axillary fascicle. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Capsule drying black. Hairy. 0.7 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Montane and dry montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LT, LV. Eastern, Central and Southern Africa.
Notes: The local name Msengela-mwelu means white Cassipourea.
Uses: A very hard and heavy wood used for timber, building poles, sleepers, flooring and tool handles. The tree is also used for shade.
Last Updated: 18 June 2017