info@celp.org.uk

ROSACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

ROSACEAE

Hagenia abyssinica J.F. Gmel.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mwalanga (C), Mdobole (H), Alcham-lengai (M), Mlanga (Me), Mfonoo (Bn), Luziluzi (S), Mturunga (Nyika).
Bole: Medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Brown/red-brown. Peeling in strips.
Slash: Pink on older trees, white on younger.
Leaf: Odd-pinnate. 6 – 8 pairs leaflets. To 40 cm long. Alternate. Lflt: Opposite.
Petiole: 12 – 13 cm. Winged and Channelled. Leaflets: sessile.
Lamina: Medium. 12 – 15 × 3.5 – 5.2 cm. Oblong. Rounded/cordate. Acuminate. Serrate. Hairy. Simple.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Fused with petiole to create wings.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Orange-brown/white. Terminal drooping panicle 30 – 60 × 20 – 30 cm. Dioecious/hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Achenes brown.
Ecology: Dry montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN. Central and Eastern Africa, Zambia, Malawi.
Notes: NR.
Uses: Wood is used for timber, firewood and carvings. The tree is used for shade, amenity and soil conservation. The bark, roots and flowers are used as medicine for stomach-ache and intestinal worms.
Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman
Syn. FTEA: Pygeum africanum Hook.f.
Syn. TTCL: Pygeum africanum Hook.f.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkomahoya (S), Mkodekode (C), Mudi (C), Mwiluti (H).
Bole: Straight/slightly buttressed. Large/small. To 36 m.
Bark: Dark brown/black/grey. Scaling in squares/longitudinally fissured.
Slash: Pink, discolouring orange/brown. Smells of cyanide.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 1.5 cm. Channelled.
Lamina: Small/medium. To 15 × 5.2 cm. Elliptic/ovate. Cuneate/rounded. Acute/acuminate/obtuse. Serrate. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Small. Linear 0.2 cm long. Falling.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/cream. Axillary raceme 3.5 – 8 cm long. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Red/red-brown ellipsoid drupe 0.7 cm long, 1.1 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Montane, upper montane and dry montane forest.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LT, LV. Tropical and Southern Africa. Madagascar.
Notes: The local name Mkomahoya means axe breaker. Mwiluti means black tree.
Uses: The wood is red, heavy and very hard. It is used for timber, firewood, charcoal, building poles, pestles, mortars and animal yokes. The tree is used for shade, avenue, mulch and windbreaks. Leaves are used as an appetizer and as an inhalant for fever. The pounded bark is mixed with water and drunk to cure stomach-ache.
Last Updated: 18 June 2017