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SANTALACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

SANTALACEAE

Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.
Syn. FTEA: NP.
Syn. TTCL: O. abyssinica Hochst., O. densifolia A. Peter, O. laeta A. Peter, O. oblanceolata A. Peter, O. wightiana Wall.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mzulu (S), Kizulu (P), Mdunula (H).
Bole: Small. To 10 m.
Bark: Grey.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: Winged. Up to 0.6 cm.
Lamina: 2.5 – 7.5 cm. Obovate/elliptic/oblong. Cuneate. Entire. Hairy.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Male flowers in axillary cymes. Female solitary. All small and yellow-green or green. All floral parts in four. Monoecious.
Fruit: Scarlet/bright red globose drupe. About 0.6 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Dry montane forest. Woodland.
Distr: C, EA, N, LN, LT. Northern, Tropical, and Southern Africa, Socotra, Southern Europe, Asia.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is very hard, strong and heavy. It is used for carvings, grain mortars, pestles, pegs and building poles. The wood is scented and produces powder and perfume. Roots and bark are used for tea and as a tonic in soup. Roots are used for treating diarrhoea and for making a red dye. Fruits are edible.
Last Updated: 19 June 2017