info@celp.org.uk

THEACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

THEACEAE

Balthasaria schliebenii (Melch.) Verdc.
Syn. FTEA: Melchiora schliebenii (Melchior) Kobuski
Syn. TTCL: Adinandra schliebenii Melch.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Msambia (S), Msungu (L).
Bole: Straight. Large/medium. To 40 m.
Bark: Dark brown. Rough.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: To 1 cm long.
Lamina: Medium/small. 5 – 16 × 1.5 – 7 cm. Elliptic/oblong-lanceolate. Cuneate. Acute/acuminate. Serrate. Glabrous/hairy.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Axillary. On peduncles to 3.5 cm long. Large. Orange-red.
Fruit: Ovoid-conical. 2 – 3 × 1 cm.
Ecology: Montane and upper montane forest.
Distr: EA. Uganda, Central Africa.
Notes: In FTEA four varieties have been recognised based on patterns of pubescence. Large trees have a massive trunk resembling Ocotea usambarensis.
Uses: The wood is hard and durable. It is used for timber, firewood, poles and tool handles. The tree is suitable for shade and amenity.
Ficalhoa laurifolia Hiern
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: In Ericaceae.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkuka (S), Mnwamasi (F), Mjikundu (Z), Mwavula (S).
Bole: Medium/large. To 36 m.
Bark: Brown. Rough. Fissured/scaling. Scales revealing concentric marks.
Slash: White latex.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.5 – 0.9 cm.
Lamina: Small. 7 – 12 × 2 – 4 cm. Oblong/lanceolate. Cuneate. Acuminate. Serrate. Hairy.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Axillary solitary or paired cymes. White/yellow/green.
Fruit: Capsule. 0.3 cm in diameter.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: EA, LN, LT. Uganda, Central and South-eastern Tropical Africa. Angola.
Notes: The massive trunk of large trees is similar to Ocotea usambarensis, but is easily distinguished by the off-white latex.
Uses: The wood is hard and heavy. It is used for timber, firewood, charcoal, poles and grain mortars. The tree has heavy shade.
Ternstroemia polypetala Melch.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mboja-mboja (L).
Bole: Small/medium. To 18 m.
Bark: Brown.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate. Whorled at ends of branches.
Petiole: 0.2 – 0.6 cm.
Lamina: Small. 5 – 9 × 1.5 – 2.5 cm. Oblong-ovate/elliptic. Cuneate. Obtuse. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Axillary, solitary. White. Dioecious.
Fruit: Ovoid. 1.2 – 1.6 × 0.7 – 1.0 cm.
Ecology: Upper montane forest.
Distr: EA (Ul, Udz). Northern Malawi. Disjunct to Cameroon.
Notes: In the northern Udzungwa mountains the seeds have an orange aril and dangle on strands at maturity.
Uses: This species is used for firewood, poles, tool handles, shade and amenity.
Last Updated: 19 June 2017