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THYMELAEACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

THYMELAEACEAE

Dais cotinifolia L.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Branched. Small. To 15 m.
Bark: Grey-brown. Smooth.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Opposite.
Petiole: 0.4 – 0.6 cm.
Lamina: Small. 3 – 9 × 2 – 5 cm. Elliptic. Cuneate. Obtuse/acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Terminal head. Pink. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: NR.
Ecology: Montane forest edges and riverine forest.
Distr: EA. LN. South-eastern Africa to Southern Africa.
Notes: Deciduous. The other species in the genus is from Madagascar.
Uses: An attractive ornamental shrub. The bark produces excellent quality rope.
Dicranolepis usambarica Gilg
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: D. usambarica Gilg var. nana Domke
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: NR.
Bole: Small. To 15 m.
Bark: Dark brown.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.2 – 0.4 cm.
Lamina: Small. 5 – 8.5 × 2 – 3.8 cm. Oblong/elliptic-oblong. Cuneate. Acuminate. Entire. Glabrous/slightly hairy beneath.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Axillary, solitary or paired. White.
Fruit: Red. 1 – 1.2 × 0.7 – 0.9 cm.
Ecology: Submontane and montane forest.
Distr: EA only (Te, Us, South P, Ng, Ul, Ma, Udz).
Notes: Usually a small shrub rather than a tree.
Uses: NR.
Peddiea fischeri Engl.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: P. fischeri Engl. var. coriacea Domke, P. volkensii Gilg
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkisigizi (S), Mwawa (Z).
Bole: Branched. Small. To 10 m.
Bark: Brown. Smooth.
Slash: Pale pink to red.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.2 – 0.6 cm.
Lamina: Medium. 6.5 – 16 × 2.2 – 5 cm. Lanceolate/elliptic. Cuneate. Obtuse/acute. Entire. Glabrous.
Domatia: Absent.
Glands: Absent.
Stipules: Absent.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White, yellow-green, occasionally red at base. Inflorescence an umbel 8 – 12 flowered. Hermaphrodite.
Fruit: Red/green. Hairy at top. 0.8 – 1.5 cm long.
Ecology: Submontane, montane and dry montane forest. Forest edges.
Distr: EA, N, LN, LV. Tropical Africa.
Notes: P. fischeri has tufts of hairs at the tip of the ovary (and fruit), P. africana does not. The two species overlap in southern tropical Africa.
Uses: An ornamental shrub. The bark produces strong ropes. The plant is known to be poisonous.
Last Updated: 19 June 2017