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TILIACEAE

Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania

Jon C. Lovett, Chris K. Ruffo, Roy E. Gereau & James R.D. Taplin
Illustrations by Line Sørensen & Jilly Lovett

TILIACEAE

Carpodiptera africana Mast.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mlanga, Mwanga (Sw).
Bole: Small. To 10 m.
Bark: Grey/brown. Rough.
Slash: NR.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: To 6 cm. Pubescent with stellate hairs.
Lamina: Medium. 20 × 13 cm. Ovate/oblong. Cordate/rounded. 3 – 5 nerved from base. Acute. Entire. Glabrous above/slightly stellate hairy beneath.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Present, falling. 0.8 cm long.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White. Axillary cymes.
Fruit: Capsule, 2 – 3 lobed, stellate hairs. 1.5 cm long.
Ecology: Dry lowland forest. Woodland. Thicket.
Distr: C. Coastal Kenya and Mozambique, Comoros.
Notes: The genus has an unusual distribution in that it is absent from West Africa, being known only from Central America, the West Indies and Eastern Africa.
Uses: The wood is used for building, firewood, poles, bows and tool handles. The bark yields fibres.
Grewia goetzeana K. Schum.
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NC.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Mkole (Sw).
Bole: Crooked. Small/medium. To 20 m.
Bark: Rough. Flaking.
Slash: Pale red/brown. Fibrous.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 0.4 – 0.8 cm. Brown-red indumentum.
Lamina: Medium. 4 – 14 × 1.5 – 9 cm. Oblong-lanceolate. Cuneate/cordate. Acute. Serrate. Hairy beneath.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Present.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: White/yellow. Axillary.
Fruit: Drupe.
Ecology: Lowland and submontane forest. Forest edges. Woodland.
Distr: C, EA.
Notes: NR.
Uses: The wood is hard and heavy. It is used for firewood, building poles, tool handles, animal traps and pegs. Roots are used as a medicine for glandular disorders.
Grewia mildbraedii Burret
Syn. FTEA: NC.
Syn. TTCL: NR.
Syn. other: NR.
Local names: Muhang’ana (H).
Bole: Medium/large. To 30 m.
Bark: Rough. Flaking.
Slash: Tan with fleshy pink vertical lines.
Leaf: Simple. Alternate.
Petiole: 1.0 – 1.7 cm. Appressed scale-like indumentum.
Lamina: Medium. 5 – 20 × 2.5 – 6.5 cm. Elliptic/oblong/ovate/obovate. Obtuse/truncate. Acuminate. Entire/shallowly serrate toward apex. Glabrous/minutely stellate-pubescent on nerves beneath or with tufts of hairs in vein axils.
Domatia: NR.
Glands: NR.
Stipules: Present.
Thorns & Spines: Absent.
Flower: Yellowish white/pink in centre. Axillary or terminal.
Fruit: Drupe with thick fibrous mesocarp, red-orange when mature.
Ecology: Montane forest.
Distr: EA (Ma, Udz). Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo.
Notes: NR.
Uses: NR.
Last Updated: 19 June 2017